Pattern and contribution of some fruits and vegetables consumption to academic performance among students of YUSUF MAITAMA SULE UNIVERSITY KANO STATE, NIGERIA
University is a vulnerable period of the life course with regard to nutrition because of the increasing independence of students from parents and nutrition is one of the most important factors that may affect brain development and therefore academic performance. The present study reports on the contribution of some fruits and vegetables intake to academic performance among university students. Questionnaires were administered to the participants and the frequently consumed fruit and vegetable which are orange (Citrus sinensis) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) respectively were selected and various analytical test such as mineral element, phytochemical and vitamins analyses were carried out on the selected samples. The level of minerals found in the samples is low. Other chemical analyses are quite satisfactorily to the study. The relationship between fruits and vegetables intake with academic performance was analyzed. The correlation coefficient between fruit intake by male student and academic performance was found to be 0.993 (p = 0.007).
The correlation coefficient between BMI of male students and academic performance was found to be 0.937 (p = 0.227). The correlation coefficient between male vegetable intake and their academic performance was 0.112 at p = 0.888. The correlation coefficient between female fruit and vegetable intake and their academic performance was also found to be 0.501 and 0.025 at p values of 0.449 and 0.975 respectively. The correlation coefficient between female body mass index and academic performance was 0.707 at p = 0.5. The results from the correlational analysis show that there was no correlation between fruits and vegetables intake among male and female students and their academic performance among the studied population except for the male fruit intake and their academic performance where the correlation is strongly positive. The findings of this study show that fruits and vegetables has low percentage contribution to academic performance among the studied population, is suggestive that there is more to academic performance than fruit and vegetable intake only among university students.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Abdulbariu Omeiza Muhammed, Aisha M. Gadanya, Salawudeen Shuaibu Omeiza, Salisu Maiwada Abubakar
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